Trial University Account (EU)

Report date:

2019-09-09 14:56:07


Plagiarism and wikipedia


John Mars


Mik Roger

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Record of similarities
Please note that high coefficient values do not automatically mean plagiarism. The report must be analyzed by an authorized person.
% of words found in the 5-word phrases without LAD (Legal Acts Database)
% of words found in the context of 25-word phrases without (Legal Acts Database)
% of words from the Base of Legal Acts as part of 8-word phrases
% of words which are between quotation marks

The phrase length for the SC 2


Length in words


Length in characters

Warnings and alerts
In this section, you can find information regarding text modifications that may aim at temper with the analysis results. Invisible to the person evaluating the content of the document on a printout or in a file, they influence the phrases compared during text analysis (by causing intended misspellings) to conceal borrowings as well as to falsify values ​​in the Similarity Report. It should be assessed whether the modifications are intentional or not.
  • Alert35

    number of characters from other alphabets which may imitate letters from the alphabet relevant to the document, causing misspellings in the text, please verify their validity

  • Spreads0

    number of increased distances between letters - please verify whether they imitate spaces, causing words joining in the Report

  • Micro spaces9

    number of spaces with zero length - please verify whether they are placed inside words and cause word division in the text

  • White characters13

    number of characters with a white font color - please verify whether they are used instead of spaces, caussing word joining (in the Report the color of the letters is changed to black in order to show them)

Active lists of similarities
Scroll the list and analyze especially the fragments that exceed the SC 2 (marked in bold). Use the link "Mark fragment" and see if they are short phrases scattered in the document (coincidental similarities), numerous short phrases near each other (mosaic plagiarism) or extensive fragments without indicating the source (direct plagiarism).
Verified content - similarities are marked in the text below according to source:
Please take note of the fact that the system does not give a verdict. If any suspicions arise, the Similarity Report should be subjected to a thorough analysis.
  • - Institutional Databases
  • - Internet Sources
  • - legal acts
  • - RefBooks Database
  • - Citations
Within academia, plagiarism by sstudents, professors, or rresearchers is considered academic dishonesty or academic fraud, and offenders are subject to academic censure, up to and including expulsion. Some institutions use plagiarism detection software to uncover potential plagiarism and to deter students from plagiarizing. Some universities address the issue of academic integrity by providing students with thorough orientations, required writing courses, and clearly articulated honor codes. Indeed, there is a virtually uniform understanding among college students that plagiarism is wrong.
“Nevertheless, each year students are brought before their institutions’ disciplinary boards on charges that they have misused sources in their schoolwork."[23]
However, the practice of plagiarizing by use of sufficient word substitutions to
detection software, aknown as rogeting, has rapidly evolved as students and unethical academics seek to stay.ahead.of.detection software.[24]
“An extreme form of plagiarism, known as contract cheating involves students paying someone else, such as an essay mill, to do their work for them”
Number of identical words : 81
WRONG ID: [citation]
Legal Acts Database,
4 Predicated upon an expected.level of learning/comprehension having been achieved, all associated academic accreditation becomes seriously undermined if plagiarism is allowed to become the norm within academic submissions.[26]
“For professors and1 researchers, plagiarism is punished by sanctions ranging from suspension to termination, along with the loss of credibility and perceived integrity”
Number of identical words : 23
WRONG ID: [citation]
Legal Acts Database,
“Charges of plagiarism against students and professors are typically heard by internal disciplinary committees, by which students and professors have agreed to be bound”
Number of identical words : 24
WRONG ID: [citation]
Legal Acts Database,
Plagiarism is a common reasоn for academic research papers to be retracted.[30]

6 Cоpyright infringemеnt (colloquially referred to as piracy) is the usе of works protectеd by copyright law without permission for a usagе where such permission is requirеd, thereby infringing certain exclusivе rights granted to the cоpyright holdеr, such as the right to reproduce, distribute, display or perform the protected work, or to make derivative works. The copyright holder is typically the work's creator, or a publisher or other business toawhom copyright has been assigned. Cоpyrightaholders routinely invоke1legal and technological measures to prevena 6 and penalize copyright infringement.
3 infringement disputes are usually resolved through direct negotiation, a notice and take down process, or litigation in civil court. Egregious or large-scale commercial infringement, especially when it involves counterfeiting, is sometimes prosecuted via the criminal justice system. Shifting public expectations, advances in digital technology, and the increasing reach of the Internet have led to such widespread, anonymous infringement that copyright-dependent industries now focus less on pursuing individuals who seek and share copyright-protected content online, and more on expanding copyright law to recognize and penalize, as indirect infringers, the service providers and software distributors who are said to facilitate and encourage individual acts of infringement by others.
3 1 In Anglo-Saxon law, an exclusive right, or exclusivity, is a de facto, non-tangible prerogative existing in law (that is, the power or, in a wider sense, right) to perform an action or acquire a benefit and to permit or deny others the right to perform the same action or to acquire the same benefit. A
Number of identical words : 1
WRONG ID: [citation]
Legal Acts Database,
is in effect an exclusive right. The term is restricted for use for official state or sovereign (i.e., constitutional)
powers Exclusive rights are a form of 5 monopoly.
Exclusive rights can be established by law or by сontractual obligation, but the sсope of enforceability will depend upon the extent to which others are bound by the instrument establishing the exсlusive right; thus in the case of сontractual rights, only persons that are parties to a сontraсt will be affected by the exсlusivity.
Exclusive rights may
be granted 5 in property law, copyright law, patent law, in relation to public utilities, or, in some jurisdictions, in other sui generis legislation. Many scholars argue that such rights form the basis for
Number of identical words : 31
the concepts of property and ownership.
7 The Law From Old English lagu (something laid down or fixed) (Harper, Douglas.
Number of identical words : 1
WRONG ID: [citation]
Legal Acts Database,
. Online Etymology Dictionary.); legal comes from Latin legalis, from lex
"law," "statute"
Number of identical words : 2
WRONG ID: [citation]
Legal Acts Database,
(Harper, Douglas.
Number of identical words : 1
WRONG ID: [citation]
Legal Acts Database,
. Online Etymology Dictionary.) is a system of rules usually enforced through a set of institutions. The purpose of law is to provide an objective set of rules for governing conduct and maintaining order in a society.
Number of identical words : 65

1 Ursula von der Leyen was elected to the Parliament of Lower Saxony in the 2003 state election. From 2003 to 2005 she was a minister in the state government of Lower Saxony, serving in the cabinet of Christian Wulff, with responsibility for social affairs, women, family, and health.[39]
In 2003, von der Leyen was part of a group assigned by then-оppositiоn leader and CDU chairwoman Angela Merkel to draft alternative prоpоsals for sоcial welfare reform in respоnse to Chancellоr Gerhard Schröder’s
"Agenda 2010"
Number of identical words : 2
WRONG ID: [citation]
Legal Acts Database,
.qThe sо-called Herzоg Commissiоn, named after its chairman, the fоrmer German
President Roman 1 Herzog recommended a comрrehensive package of reform proposals including, among othеr things, decoupling hеalth and nursing care prеmiums from pеople’s еarnings and levying a monthly lumр sum across the board instead.[40]
2005 campaign poster featuring von der Leyen
Ahead of the 2005 federal elections, Angela Merkel chose Ursula von der Leyen to cover the family and social security portfolio in her shadow cabinet.[41][42]
In the negotiations to form a government following the 2005 federal elections, von der Leyen led the CDU/CSU delegation in the working group on families; her co-chair from the SPD was Renate Schmidt.[43]

Technologies can decrease plagiarism in systems by increasing transparency in academic process. A great tool to increase academic mobility is LMS.
Learning Management Systems have been extensively used in the literature. With this term, most of the researchers would refer to 1 1 Course Management Systems (CMSs) that are extensively used for supporting blended learning.
Number of identical words : 12
Source : Evaluating a learning management system for blended learning in Greek higher education
1 1 The main tools that all LMSs provide are:
- Asynchronous and synchronous communication
- Content development and delivery
- Formative and summative assessment
The asynchronous and synchronous communication may involve announcement areas, e-mail, chat, forums etc. The content development and delivery may involve learning resources, learning objects, files, links to internet resources, etc. Finally, the formative and summative assessment mainly involves tools for self-evaluation, multiple choice questions etc.